Open Source Projects That I Rely On To Effectively Do My Job – Part 3

There are a number of things that exist in the open source world without which I do no think I could do my Job. I am a Web Developer. I work on a range of projects using different systems, languages and processes. I work a lot with WordPress as well.

Many aspects of my work revolve around scanning logs, writing and reading code in a text editor and browsing the internet. I have my prefered programs for doing each of those tasks.

This is a set of articles that look at a lof of the open source projects that I rely on to do my job and do it effectively.

Online Applications

Some of the tools I use are online services or applications. In the open source world people build things and they share them. Since I am in the web developer sphere that means a lot of the circles I am in people build online software.

Online software is convenient because they are more portable and often accessible from a variety of devices. A lot of online services are powered by open source software (and that's not counting the unlaying OS or the fact that it probably uses Apache or NGINX to respond to people's browsers).

WordPress

A lot of the work that I do relates back to WordPress in some way. It powers a huge amount of the publicly accessible internet. Sometimes I build for WP or extend it, other times I build things to work alongside it. Sometimes I just build server stacks capable of running it.

If WordPress was closed source, or did not exist, a god portion of my work would not come in.

GitHub – And Git

GitHub is a giant when it comes to source code management. GitHub manages code using an unlaying software called git. That software was started by the same man who started the linux kernel.

GitHub itself is not an open source application. I can't download a copy of it and run my own private version of it (but you can have private instances setup and managed by them, either hosted in the cloud or in-house). It is powered by an open software and also values open source greatly. Most projects hosted there are under some kind of open licence.

Other Online Git Services – BitBucket, GitLab

There are other repo hosts available. Bitbucket is a good choice. GitLab is also a good choice.

GitLab is an online service where you can host your code as well but it's an open software too. You can download it to run on your own server managed by yourself. It is extremely full featured – offering much of the same as github and bitbucket – as well as a lot of integrated CI and tooling.

Communications – Slack

Even talking to yourself can be useful at times, communication is better when more people can be involved and the conversations can be archived and searched. Slack lets that happen. It's actually not an open source project as such but a tool for communication that isn't email is essential when working online with others. 

Conversations happen in Chat Rooms. Slack provides nice rooms to have those conversations.

Open Source Projects That I Rely On To Effectively Do My Job – Part 1

There are a number of things that exist in the open source world without which I do no think I could do my Job. I am a Web Developer. I work on a range of projects using different systems, languages and processes. I work a lot with WordPress as well.

Many aspects of my work revolve around scanning logs, writing and reading code in a text editor and browsing the internet. I have my prefered programs for doing each of those tasks.

This is a set of articles that look at a lof of the open source projects that I rely on to do my job and do it effectively.

Open Source Operating Systems and Server Software

A lot of open source code is enabled by other software, tools, specifications and systems that are also open source. The most obvious enabler is the availability of open source Operating Systems. These are used on local machines but even more common in infrastructure powering systems and services.

Operating Systems

Open Source OS are only possible because of the ability to take many other pieces of OSS and link or modify it in such a way that it works well together as a whole.

I mainly use Linux OS. Ubuntu, Cent OS, CoreOS, Arch. At the heart of them all is the Linux Kernel. All open, all developed in public.

Server Software – Specifically HTTP Servers

Another specific type of software that I rely on is HTTP servers. These servers allow requests and responses to be made between clients and servers – in a user friendly way returning the rich content we expect on the web today.

There are 2 specific softwares that dominate the http server domain. Apache and NGINX. 

I'd take a guess at 75% or more of all http requests made over the internet would be responded to by one or the other.

Without both OSs and HTTP servers being available as open source I doubt that the web would be what it is. I expect my job may not exist.

PHP & JavaScript

WordPress is primarily written in PHP with many JavaScript components for use in the browser. PHP is itself an open source language and JavaScript is an open specification.

Coding for WordPress most of the time involves working with pure PHP or JavaScript and then hooking that code into WP with some more code.

MySQL

The application layer of most applications, including WordPress, connect to a data layer that is often a MySQL database. MySQL is another open source project (although at the time of MariaDB creation that was very up in arms).

Node

Node is another popular system that I work with a lot. Essentially it runs JavaScript without a browser.

Many people are first introduced to Node as part of build tools – especially since the usage of task runnings become more popular. Grunt and Gulp run in Node. If you've ever ran a npm install command you've used Node.

A Default Kinda Guy – Installing TwentySixteen

This year’s WordPress release schedule puts the next major release around the end of the year. In that release will come the new default theme – TwentySixteen. The development version is up on GitHub for you to test and contribute if your inclined.

On this site I’ve been a default theme user. When I started I used TwentyFifteen and wrote a couple of thoughts. Now that the development version of next years default is available I couldn’t resist giving it a try.

There’s a few ways that you could get this installed on your site. The easiest may be to download the zip from Github and upload it to your site. Alternatively you could clone it to your site with git clone or use WP-CLI to install and activate it for you.

Cloning The Theme into Your Site

Navigate to the themes directory on your site – /wp-content/themes/ – and run the clone command:

git clone https://github.com/WordPress/twentysixteen.git

Updating the theme as it develops is easy by running git pull from the theme directory.

Installing a theme From Github via WP-CLI

From anywhere in the WordPress installation you can run the theme install command, pass it a theme-slug or a url to a zip file and it’ll install it in the correct location.

wp theme install https://github.com/WordPress/twentysixteen/archive/master.zip

add --activate at the end of the command to activate it right away and --force if you want to suppress any warnings about overwrites.

Note: If you install the theme like this it’ll be located in the twentysixteen-master folder instaed of the twentysixteen folder.

Contributing to the Next Default Theme

You can contribute to the theme and shape its development moving forward by creating issues and pull requests in the GitHub repo.

You will need to know a little bit about using git to contribute but it’s nothing really complicated. You should be able to find out everything you need to know by taking a look at my WordPress and Git Workflow post.

If you’re interested in contributing you should also check out the CONTIBUTING.md file in the repo.